Psoriasis of the nails (psoriatic onihodistrofiya) is a Form of chronic dermatosis. It happens that the defeat of the plate begins long before the advent of the tabula informibus rash all over the body. Pathology can run as a stand-alone disease. We look at what Psoriasis is-onihodistrofiya and how it is treated.
Causes of Psoriasis of the nails
Provoke psoriasis on the nails are able to:
- A hereditary tendency to the disease. Predisposition for diseases genetically can be
- Errors in the immune system of the body. The investigation disturbing the normal function of the body's own defenses.
Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease, that is, the cause of skin rashes in a negative perception of the immunity of the cells of the Epidermis. This leads to significantly increased the growth and division of defective cells are Horny scales nails.
In addition to the basic causes of the pathology, there are a variety of factors triggering the development of psoriatic onychodystrophy:
- Infectious diseases;
- human Papilloma Virus;
- abrupt climate change;
- dry, cold weather, lack of UV rays;
- Damage to the nail plate;
- a prolonged intake of antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs nesteroidna group, Beta-Blocker, and medication for the normalization of blood pressure;
- frequent Stress, nervous breakdowns and long-term emotional stress.
All of this weakens the immune system and provokes a negative reaction in the Form of an aggressive perception of the own cells of the upper skin and the nail plate.
Types and their symptoms
Psoriasis of the nails has a rich clinical picture. Depending on the specifics of the manifestations, there are some basic types of lesions.
The formation of depressions over the entire surface of the nail in the Form of points – the more common Form of psoriasis on the nails. The characteristic recess in a chaotic manner shown, their size and number may be different. Difference of this type from other forms is that the affected nail with the eyes is reminiscent of a thimble, hence the name.
The nail plate gradually with the inflammation and pain cannot be separated from his Lodge,. Appears pink bezel around the affected area. Onycholysis is able to partially fingers hurt nail or distributed over the entire surface.
Depending on how the nail separates from the soft parts, this type of psoriasis is:
- the Central;
- the distal.
A special feature of onycholysis' braid to the injured nail and painless detachment of the plate. Originally, man attaches great importance to the phenomenon that leads to an exacerbation of the symptoms.
The reason onychomadesis occurs in a significant injury to the growth of the nail, what is the fast rejection of the plate, soft fabrics provoked. This type of the disease is difficult to treat and up to the end not resolved.
During the development of the psoriasis on the nails bleeding occurs under the plate, which is located in one of two forms:
- Stains red or pink coloring, which are formed by the nails, the wrong shape, they are also called "oil spots" or Psoriasis, Erythema;
- by the thickness of the horn layer of dots or stripes appear to be longitudinal deep red color with the black.
Subungual hemorrhage arise as a result of the destruction of the capillaries, which may explode under the rush of blood.
In this Form of nail Psoriasis manifests itself brighter. The plate is thickened with time, and turns to the top – cochleari clavum. There are also other features nail surface is rough, coarse, appear to be well-visible bumps.
Trachyonychia. also manifested as the hands and the feet, distorts the aesthetic appearance of the nails, so that you cochleari informibus. Subungual material usually not traumatized, but there are cases where a hyperkeratosis develops.
In the case of Psoriasis generalised pustules type, it can lead to significant compaction and stratification of the Stratum corneum (onycha), that over time leads to the destruction and separation of the plates of the Lodge. Nail decay, increases.
In the case of nail Psoriasis in some Form or more toenails, they are left to rot with impressive furrows, multiple recesses, various stripes, sometimes not. There are cases of such manifestations, and on the hands, but much less frequently.
On the photo it is shown how all the possible forms of the nail to see Psoriasis on the fingers and toes.
Stages of Psoriasis of the nail plate
In its development of psoriasis nails through several stages, the specific symptoms to be running.
- In the first Phase. The nail gradually begins to thicken. The plate is covered with small stripes, dots, depressions, the to the network.
- Phase of the deformation of the nail plate. Thickening of the Horny layer, the color (grey, brown, yellow), the emergence of blood spots and veins under the nail. Observed purulent discharge from the inflamed and thickened cuticle.
- Started Phase. Nail of the fingers or toes, differs significantly from his Lodge the skin to the affected and inflamed Plaques covered, nail-pillow fester. Everything else can be infection bacterial or fungal.
Signs of nail Psoriasis around always can be pronounced according to the course of the stage, so skin doctor the disease on the external condition of the nail and the skin around it.
Psoriasis is not completely curable, but only translated in Remission. The disease tends to relapse, every time appear heavier. Not to treat if the skin pathology, dangerous provoke have consequences.
Any Form of psoriasis affects the condition of the cardiovascular system, which can eventually lead to heart attack. This dermatosis aggravated atherosclerosis and inflammatory processes in the body.
The serious effects of psoriasis, threatened emotional / mental health of the people. Nervous breakdowns, Depression, and alcohol abuse – frequent companions of patients with Psoriasis. The result of such disorders can diseases, Diabetes mellitus, heart disease, cancer localization, exacerbation of the underlying chronic.
In addition to the distortion of the plate of the nail, the more severe stage of the disease are able to negative disturbances in the General condition of the people:
- Jumps in the temperature of the body;
- Disturbances in the normal absorption of folic acid;
- Weakness and constant fatigue.
Diagnosis of Psoriasis of the nails
To most commonly used to diagnose the disease can around the appearance of the nails and the skin around it. To confirm the diagnosis scratch with lesion (Plaque, nail, skin).
In addition to analyses, the dermatologist, the distinction leads to differences of Psoriasis of onichi, and paronychia fungal and infectious nature. For these technicians carefully examine the condition of the nail to identify the most important symptoms of Psoriasis exactly onychodystrophy.
The doctors perform a comparison of the clinical manifestations of Psoriasis and lesions of Candidiasis, the outlet sensing of the pus, the localization of the disease on the nails of the hands and feet.
Only after checking all the possible characters, and by such go through the symptoms of the disease, the skin doctor for the purpose of therapy.
Treatments at home
Struggling with Psoriasis of the nails is necessary in a complex, the application is not only combined medications of traditional medicine, but also traditional remedies.
Drug treatment of nail Psoriasis
Therapy of psoriatic onychodystrophy begins with topical preparations, which are designed to eliminate the symptoms and the symptoms of the disease. The initial phase of treatment with special paints, which can slow or stop the development of onychodystrophy. To do this, periungual Phalanx treatment moisturizing gel is recommended. Medication external use, it is recommended to vitamins and immune modulators. In the case of the weak effect of local drugs, the doctors, the medicines (injection, tablets) prescribing.
The treatment can take place at home, but will appoint him exclusively for the physician, as many drugs can damage contraindications and human health.
Therapy, Folk Medicine
What to do when the school of medicine produced the desired effect or the improvement is too slow? In this case, you can resort to folk medicine. There are a lot of good recipes that help to achieve enhance therapeutic effect of drugs, and Remission.
- Medical Baths. For the preparation of 30 G need Bay leaves and 2 liters of boiling water. The grass is put in hot water and boil on low heat for 5-10 minutes, then let cool down to 37-40 degrees. In the finished broth, the hands (feet) to 15-20 minutes. Water applications a day for 1-2 months.
- Sodas Compresses. In a glass of lukewarm water 2 TSP. baking powder dissolve. Moisten a cotton ball in the solution and apply on the affected nails for 15-20 minutes. The course of treatment is 10-12 sessions (every second day).
- Medical Lotions. In 0,5 L of warm water and mix corn and oat flour (1 tbsp). Homogeneous slurry, apply to the injured on a half-hour. The therapy lasts so long, until no improvements are visible.
Lotions with corn flour to improve the condition of nails
After the treatment, you need to treat your nails carefully to ensure that the medicines deep into the affected panels. To do this, you can file the tweezers and a nail.
With the help of natural remedies can forget for a long time, not only about onychodystrophy, but also for the Psoriasis in General. The main thing is to consult before an Alternative treatment with your doctor.
The treatment of nail Psoriasis in children
Psoriatic onihodistrofiya in a child sharper and harder to stand, so that must begin upon the occurrence of any suspicious symptoms immediately to a therapy.
The first thing you need to pay attention to, is the power supply. The diet should exclude:
Everything has to be strawberries under consumption of vegetables and fruits with red pigments (tomatoes, cherries).
With the help of antihistamines, severe itching can be eliminated. In addition to the means that the doctor prescribes medication to improve the protective functions of the body.
In addition to the medicinal methods of treatment, in dealing with Psoriasis of the nails a good rest helps on the shores of the Black sea. Children with such a dermatological disease, it is recommended to wear in the Sanatorium at least once per year.
How to distinguish the mushroom from the psoriasis?
Some people confuse the psoriatic lesions fungal infection of the nails (onychomycosis). In addition, many have the question, whether by viruses, such as ungual Psoriasis? Clearly, No. There are some basic characteristics that help to distinguish Psoriasis from mildew.
- The nail plate, under the influence of onychodystrophy completely yellowed, and the fungus causes dark spots on the entire surface.
- Non-communicable pathology provokes the detachment of the nail from the Lodge, and the fungus just the Horny layer is deformed.
- Onychomycosis on the legs always causes an unpleasant smell that is not the case of nail Psoriasis.
- The fungus infects certain areas. On the legs is the first and the fifth Finger. Developed mainly between the phalanges and provoked intertrigo, excessive sweating, non-compliance with the Hygiene. During the psoriatic lesion of the nail and the occurrence of injuries.
- Onychomycosis develops after contact with a sick Person, his clothes, and animals. Factors of occurrence of nail Psoriasis are diseases transmitted infection or virus, severe Stress, alcohol abuse.
To determine the disease skin doctor is able to, after a thorough inspection and necessary investigations.
For the treatment of nail Psoriasis always consult your skin doctor
Psoriatic onihodistrofiya, such as the psoriasis can't be repaired normally, however, translate into the state of Remission is quite realistic. The extension of the periods of silence of the pathology, you need to measures of prevention.
For starters, it is recommended a special diet. To eliminate from the diet, it is desirable to have all of the allergens (citrus fruits, eggs, milk). Not too greasy, roasted, salted, smoked, floury products.
You need to carefully monitor the fingers and toes, to the rules of Hygiene, avoid you to avoid contact with aggressive substances, and injuries.
Timely treatment of infectious diseases helps to prevent unwanted symptoms of psoriasis.
The defeat of the nail plate with the further exfoliation of Loge – a Form of psoriasis. The disease has a vibrant symptoms, should not remain without attention. Started stage difficult to treat, and provoke dangerous consequences. That is why it is so important to take timely measures to the unpleasant symptoms.