Psoriasis - a chronic disease, the development of which no one is immune. It can occur at any age, so the symptoms of Psoriasis and the possible reasons for the development, it is desirable to know all. There are typical symptoms, characteristic for this disease. According to him, psoriatic papules in the position to distinguish from other dermatological diseases. Rashes on all parts of the body: from the eyes up to the stop. Regardless of the localization of the lesions with a different appearance.
Symptoms: how psoriasis starts
Psoriasis begins with the formation on the body of small lesions. Their size is not greater than the diameter of the head of a pin. Every day papules grow in diameter, reached in the result of 4-8 cm, their number increases, the surface begins to peel. If you do not pass the informed treatment, individual Plaques merge in conglomerates, cover large areas of the body.
So psoriasis looks in the early stages
Psoriasis of the skin can develop at any age. But often, the first case of its symptoms is occurs in young and adult people from 18 to 40 years. According to gender there is no difference. Of this disease, men and women are suffering with the same frequency.
Typical signs of psoriatic papules:
- The edges are sharp.
- Colour-bright pink or red.
- The color of the scales-silvery-white.
The first rashes usually form at the site of wounds, scratches, frostbite, burns, on parts of the body that are constantly exposed to friction. You can itch, but it is not the main symptom.
Psoriasis has three unique symptoms that are characteristic only for him:
- The phenomenon Stearin spot-dandruff is easy to remove from the surface of the papules. Among them, the stain, similar to a drop of Stearin or wax.
- The phenomenon of Psoriasis (Terminal) movie-when full of Plaque, cleaning of the shed, visible under a thin Film camouflage inflamed skin. It is transparent and moist.
- Through the organization's phenomenon-if the integrity of the terminal film on the surface of the wounds appear to be small blue spots, similar ostendit Tau.
Listed triad of symptoms makes it possible to determine exactly the beginning of the development of Psoriasis. You make it impossible to confuse this disease with other dermatological diseases.
Since the first symptoms of psoriasis in different parts of the body is a little different, it is worthwhile to check any special case.
Symptoms of Psoriasis on the hands
Guttate Psoriasis on an elbow, and ulnas
If psoriasis develops on the hands, usually papules appear on the surface of the elbow or between the fingers. Rare localized skin rash on the forearm. For this area of the body mottled Form of the disease is typical. Your most important signs-small red spots, covered quickly with the shed. The skin is rough.
Psoriasis of the scalp
The defeat of the scalp psoriatic papules-the most common Form of the disease. Rashes form in the back of the head, in the area of the forehead, behind the ears, in the hair parting. First, small rashes. You are single and covered with scales. In the course of development to grow and cover the whole surface of the head. The specificity of the psoriatic papules, the skin on the head peripheral growth, severe itching and skin irritation. While small scales, exfoliating, remind you of a small shed. With the growth of papules this shell is similar to the white flakes. The elasticity of the skin decreases so easily hurt, are constantly on the wounds.
On the body
Psoriasis on the back and on the belly
The surface of the body covered, usually, guttate Psoriasis. Is localized on the back, neck, thighs, calves, stomach. Association form tents, small rashes. They differ in Teardrop shape. During the growth of papules high-rise above the surface of the skin, so as not to damage them easily. More people stafilokokkovuû infection are at risk for the development of this disease.
On the legs
Psoriatic lesions on the legs at the knees and lower leg
On the legs the first papules appear in the area of the knee, can pages but also on other. The first rashes are small and isolated. You inflamed and strong scrolls. Have a clear structure, but loose. Quickly spread, forming conglomerates.
On the nails
The beginning stage of psoriasis on nails is manifested in several forms. In the case of the first nail plate small pit covered recesses, such as a needle from the puncture site. The second shape is reminiscent of a mushroom. The nails thicken, change the hue to yellow or gray. In the course of time, if you don't treatment, Peeling will start. The third type-the nail plate is deformed, is rough on its surface, the appear to be oppressed areas.
On the palms of the hands and soles of the feet
Psoriatic defeat on the palm of the Hand and on the foot
Most often hands and feet Palmar-plantar Psoriasis affected at the same time. However, there are cases when the disease develops only on the palms or only on the feet. First of all, on the skin of small papules, which quickly merge into conglomerates. The Horny layer of the skin thickened and coarsened. For this reason, it is slightly damaged, cracks.
On The Face, Ears, Neck
Psoriatic lesions on the ear and in the area of the eyes
Psoriasis is rarely localized on the face. When he appears, then the first papules form around the eyes, on the eyelids, as well as in the nasolabial folds, cheeks, tongue, the edge of the lips. First of all, the rash is flat, red. On the surface of the neck can also be small red papules. They grow rapidly in diameter and wide in the back, head, face.
On the ears in a seborrheic Psoriasis develops. The auricle can be beat on the inside and the outside. It is important to distinguish from Psoriasis, seborrheic Dermatitis, because they are similar in appearance.
Symptoms of psoriasis in children
Unfortunately psoriasis are not protected and children
In children the psoriasis shows itself not so, as in the case of adults. Develop this disease, even in infants. Skin rashes form in the creases of the skin. They are red and peeling. Papules form at untypical spots, occur on the face, the mucous membranes of the sexual organs. The rash is itchy and brings strong discomfort.
Psoriasis of the joints
Psoriatic Arthritis of the fingers
Psoriasis can strike the joints, leading to a change in the structure of their tissue. In the future, it involves a deformation and pain. The first external symptoms are: on the surface of the joints papules are formed. But in some cases, first the structure of the joints, causing pain, you begin to change, and only then the rash will form. Signs for the development of the disease, joints pain, especially at night, deformed, appears in the partiality of their movement, swelling, shortens the length of the fingers.
First, the small joints of the hands and the feet. Then the disease spreads to the elbows and knees. In a particularly advanced eddy is suffering joints.
Causes of Psoriasis: why he appears
The exact cause for the emergence of Psoriasis, scientists do not install. There are many theories, each of which has a scientific Basis. However, it is not enough to be one of the basic assumptions.
Basic theory of the origin of Psoriasis:
- Genetic-predisposition for the disease, the children of the parents on the genetic level. In 55-70%, if you are sick one of the parents is, the child will inherit the disease.
- Immune to the formation of papules function of the immune system crashing. In the consequence of autoimmune Aggression, it begins to recognize how the Alien cells of the body, so push off. The risk of developing the disease increases with a weakened immune system.
- Trade in accordance with this theory, psoriasis is the result of metabolic disorders.
- Endocrine-source for the development of the disease to recognize malfunctions of the endocrine system.
- Neurogenic-requires the psoriasis develops as a result of vasomotor neurosis. This means that the basis of disease psychological causes.
- Viral-there is a Version that the causative agent of the disease is a Virus. But this theory is liable only units. In medicine, not a single case is fixed to Psoriasis was healthy from a sick one. Provoke only the internal malfunction of the body, not viruses or bacteria can Psoriasis. This disease nezarazen.
Diagnosis and treatment
Diagnosis of psoriasis is in the outer inspection of the rash. The dermatologist evaluated the localization of papules, the condition of the skin. Even the first symptoms allow it to make the correct diagnosis. The implementation of special Tests is not required. In severe forms of the disease, the doctor can take a biopsy, x-rays, the seed prescribe to the micro-flora.
Psoriasis-a chronic disease. This does not mean to heal that for you. The aim of the treatment is the achievement of the stable state of Remission. It can take years, if already a competent therapy.
The main types of treatment of Psoriasis:
- the external medium-ointment (solidum capita, hormonal, non-hormonal, sinapi continens), creams, Shampoos;
- the inner medium-antibacterial and anti-inflammatory drugs, stimulants, sedatives, antidepressants, vitamin complex, anxiolytics, antipsychotics, immuno-pharmacological agents.
- Laser therapy,
- Magnetic field therapy,
- Radio therapy,
- selective phototherapy,
- Ultrasound Therapy,
When choosing a method of treatment, doctors are based on the current condition of the patient. Maximum efficiency ensures a comprehensive therapy.
The first signs of psoriasis notice on the skin, it is important to immediately consult a dermatologist consult.
He can confirm the diagnosis, or refute. Because the reasons for the development of Psoriasis, many, every person needs to have good dealing with the health, protect the skin from injuries and burns, since the first pustules form mostly on the damaged parts of the Epidermis.