Patch is the main feature of the disease Psoriasis. Patch - this is the main Symptom of the disease is diagnosed. And finally, patches - what is the cause of fear for the Rest of his life, even after the psoriasis is in Remission.
The nature and signs of Psoriasis
Staining with psoriasis will suffer 80% of all people in this disease. The localization of the spots depends on the type of Psoriasis, and also of the causes of the disease.
Although this disease is for the mankind for hundreds of years, its etiology to the end is not studied. It is, of course, that the fight with him is complicated by the fact that there are no practical ways to the cause of the disease.
Possible causes of psoriasis
And yet, even in the first years of the nineteenth century, the British physician Robert Willan, together with a group of his students signs of this disease could describe. In the future, with the participation of the Austrian and the German dermatologists, the genetic roots of the emergence of the disease managed.
Studies of these physicians showed a direct relationship of Psoriasis with injuries of the internal organs. As it turned out, these pathological disorders occur most frequently at the cellular level.
At the same disease, as proven in one of these studies, a genetic predisposition.
Questions of the etiology of Psoriasis is widely explored in the twentieth century, when convincing evidence to the were to be discovered to exist, the causes of the disease, immunological factors and the influence of the disturbances in metabolic processes.
In today's time of this disease more than 4% of the population of the planet is affected. And it is a concern of the representatives of the official medicine. This Trend and the dynamics of the symptoms of the disease and motivate medical scientific institution for further research on causes and effective methods of influence. A special international Association that includes the dermatologist that deals with the problems of this disease, from 35 States.
So, in the number of current and scientifically-based (but not always proven) causes the disease called:
- genetic predisposition of the body;
- Hereditary factor;
- Pathology of the metabolism;
- Disorders of the functionality of the immune system.
With a certain degree of conviction, some of the doctors as additional reasons, the problems with the nervous system and emotional state. Frequent Stress, depressive symptoms, nervous excitement, theoretically, be a source of Psoriasis can. But in any case, even if this theory, and not confirmed in the future, the Stress and psychological aspects, it is impossible to remove - it is absolutely precisely established that these factors may be aggravating in the case of already existing diseases, and are in the progression of affect.
As triggering factors, often as a pathogen of infectious diseases - viruses and bacteria, as well as the climatic conditions. With prolonged exposure to UV radiation (e.g., conventional solar radiation) also observed episodes of flash changes to the skin.
Relatively immune theories about the origin of the disease was a discrepancy in the environment of physicians, which found no solutions. Observed to manifest the symptoms begin when an increased activity of immune cells. Meanwhile, according to this law, the psoriasis should be manifest not in people with insufficient activity of the immune system. In particular, such a Situation occurs people with aids-patients and HIV-infected. However, they are also prone to the disease and causes of this medical paradox.
Patches in psoriasis and other symptoms.
As in the beginning, just the spots are considered to be the most important character, on the basis of which the doctor, the diagnosis can be mentioned. During the clinical examination, skin doctor draws attention to the character of the cutaneous lesions, the Parameter rash or lack thereof, a place of localization of the lesion and other symptoms.
But before you make a closer look at the symptoms, manifested in the Form of stains, it is important to know, and other signs of the disease. They are often not so noticeable and sometimes you can study them only through the laboratory.
Not to be confused even in the case of Psoriasis, stains, difficult to with similar symptoms in other dermatological diseases. However, the probability cannot be excluded from the errors. Especially in the initial stage, when the spots begin to form, and still no rash formed.
Characteristic and frequent symptoms
Progress psoriasis begins with the formation of lesions. This depressive state of the patient, fatigue, low body resistance. Due to this on the first signs of secondary diseases, can get appeared on the background of the reduction of the activity of the immune system of the body.
This is often a slow fever, changes in the physiological parameters - pressure, heart rate, and respiratory rate. In some cases, there are cough, shortness of breath.
However, signs of a mental disorder - a strong excitement or, on the contrary, dejection, and Depression. Worse similar evidence for the fact of the formation of lesions. Even your kind of Stress is caused even in healthy people.
Signs of Progression of the disease
Already in the first days of the development of the illness, its characteristic symptoms - spots:
- You will have to have pale-pink color, often clearly defined limits. Originally in the lesions no visible formations in the Form of papules.
- Later, the clinical picture changed, mainly, if not timely measures to eliminate the symptoms and the disease itself.
- Lesions gradually redden still more, in the course of time, through the purchase of dark-brown colour.
- At the points of the defeat visible in education - papular point, filled with a small amount of a transparent liquid.
- At the same time, in this Phase, the unpleasant symptoms - itching and pain appear. While combing the affected area is a kind of hotbed of stearic place.
- In the next Phase, which can begin after only 1-2 days, it is the formation of necrotic Plaques, as a result of the necrosis of the upper layer of the skin.
- In this time, and until the occurrence of complete Remission on the skin and the detachment of the top layer of dead skin cells, exfoliation, and the formation of papules and the progression of the lesion.
Self-papules, at first subtle, it gradually increases, up to a size of 15-20 mm above the surface of the skin. And within your the conversion of exudative fluid begins. It is cloudy is within a few days and starts to break through the top layer of dead cells.
This pattern caused the Depression of the patient, which, as already mentioned, a causative factor of the disease. Thus, a vicious circle in which the symptoms create etiological factor, and the disease continues to progress established.
With timely treatment spots after the Psoriasis gradually be reduced. To reduce at the same time with the focal points of defeat in the size and papules - their diameter shrinks, they will disappear according to the amount of with the level of the skin, and then gradually.
Much more difficult is the thing with the spots after psoriasis. You are to remain as an alarming reminder of an incurable disease, on the body of the patient. Where they do not disappear, even after the completion of Remission.
In the meantime, the mutated a couple of spots. Their boundaries stay as crisp. But Pigmentation pink or Bordeaux reduced color. Appears hue, of the uniqueness of the spots after the disease Psoriasis less visible pale.
Even this formation does not provide care for the patient. During the Remission of pain syndrome, itching and other symptoms. But, the sight of such a patch can a negative impact on the mental and emotional state of the people. Especially when lesions were formed on the visible areas of the body.
Restore the natural color of the skin is almost impossible. Cause in the physiological processes in the body of the patient with Psoriasis. The immune system produces special hormones, antibodies and blood cells, is actively opposing the development of Pigment-cells. As a result, the defeat of the cells shall remain on the body and the whole flock, without the natural pigmentation.
How do you deal with the spots after the Remission of Psoriasis
Dermatologists recommend do not abuse little-known methods of elimination of spots after the Psoriasis, the Kingdom being in folk medicine. Unsubstantiated and uncontrolled use of such funds can fall short of relapse and the progression of the disease.
Should not be used as a means to camouflage natural or artificial tan - use UV-rays coming from the sun or UV lamps in uncontrolled amounts can cause harm and provoke a second Episode of disease.
At the same time UV-irradiation can be an effective treatment, but under the condition of moderate dosage.
Frequent stay in the sun you need a special cream with a UV protection of at least 20 SPF. A certain proportion of the efficiency of castor oil shows - it should be twice in the course of the day.
To achieve certain results with the use of salicylic acid ointment, salicylic acid Paste, zinc. But it is only available with a prescription. The effect of it is reduction noted when an external application of tar and preparations based on her, naphthalene ointments.
If this is not caused in contravention to the scheme of treatment and relapse, for the elimination of the consequences of Psoriasis in the Form of spots used cucumber juice with hydrogen peroxide, Apple cider vinegar (this helps a great deal in the treatment of bruises, according to the psoriasis). Also, on the recommendation of the skin doctor to have a tincture applied Althea, rhubarb root. Extensive areas of the body allows a surgical technique for the removal of stains.
All the means and procedures must be strictly under medical supervision applied to spots after the treatment of the Psoriasis and the remedy is not the cause of relapses and complications.